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Information Technology / Re: Please advise me how to build webpages
« Last post by sneha_1 on August 08, 2014, 02:28:35 PM »

Free Web hosts
Standard web hosting
Dedicated, Virtual, and Shared Hosting

Most people gravitate to free web hosting without too much thought, but there can be drawbacks to free hosting. You dont always get as much space, you might be required to run their ads on your site, or there may be bandwidth limits. There are sometimes limitations on what can be put on a free hosting providerfor example, some don't allow ecommerce or gambling or other types of content. Some free hosting providers tack on charges like maintenance and renewal fees on their free accounts. Be sure to read all the fine print before you put your website on a free web host. I recommend using free hosting providers for testing web pages and for personal pages, but not for websites you hope to make money from.
Medical imaging & image processing / saga insurance
« Last post by Prestig on August 07, 2014, 03:15:57 PM »
Termlifeinsurance - Generating a Good Choice

Temporary vs. lasting Life-Insurance

Life-insurance comes in two essential varieties: lasting and period. Everlasting insurance is obtained to address an individual for an entire lifetime, also it are often used as being money transport vehicle and a vehicle. These kinds of everlasting guidelines are made to develop a cash value when the insured person dies as well as giving a profit. Withdrawals or low-interest loans may taken from the coverage. These are genuine uses forever insurance, but may well not fulfill several functioning households wants today. Samples of permanent insurance are whole life insurance and general life insurance.

Termlifeinsurance is a simpler solution, that is merely acquired to supply a death advantage over a chosen amount of period. The word of living insurance may differ. One-year renewable term goods are publicized, and so are thirty-year items designed to cover a person because of their years that are operating.

Advantages of Termlifeinsurance

The rates will not as pricey when compared to a identical quantity of lasting life-insurance, because the insurer is only taking over the chance of getting their insured buyer endure a given period of years. The face-value, or level of the benefit, that may be purchased will usually be bigger. Around the other hand, once the phrase of the plan has ended, the protection is finished, as well as the plan won't have any cash-value.

Most of the people try to find the bigger face values of momentary term life insurance to protect themselves once they have couples or reliant children, or need to protect a sizable debt just like a home loan. Without meaning to put it to use as a savings car expression insurance is purchased by them being a natural insurance solution. Since the premium will usually not be considerably more than it is to get a permanent coverage, the excess cash can be utilized for approaches and additional savings.

Today several term life insurance policies include choices, or cyclists, that will present additional gains for an additional fee. Despite having the bikers, the premium it's still an affordable option. Return of Premium individuals charge extra, but refund premiums by the end of the term. This gives a nice check right when the protected person is ready to retire, or possibly a total that can be used-to purchase a smaller, permanent life insurance policy for costs that are closing. Other reward riders provides handicap or critical condition coverage, or rates can be covered by them in in case there is crash unemployment, or disease nausea.

Some term procedures have an option to convert the plan into a life insurance plan that is everlasting when the protected individual's desires change. This means that a working individual with a mortgage along with small children can buy a huge period policy to guard her or his family. If the youngsters are self currently supporting, she or he may transform the plan to your smaller full life coverage which can be used-to abandon beneficiaries money, address funeral expenses, or settle debts.

If persons depend upon you, don't depart their potential to possibility. Phrase procedures can present your family satisfaction, and are economical. Plus, with cyclists that were optional, they can be used to present lasting or money safety significantly in the future.

M. Katz has served a big and various group find the right life-insurance for their own private requirements. Fresh individuals could have unique requirements than retired people, which is generally far better compare your options.

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phoenix life
Air quality management / Re: Air pollution
« Last post by ClaytonMunozs on July 10, 2014, 09:05:40 AM »
Air pollution is a chemical, physical (e.g. particulate matter), or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere. The atmosphere is a complex, dynamic natural gaseous system that is essential to support life on planet earth. Stratospheric ozone depletion due to air pollution has long been recognized as a threat to human health as well as to the earth's ecosystems.

Worldwide air pollution is responsible for large numbers of deaths and cases of respiratory disease. Enforced air quality standards, like the Clean Air Act in the United States, have reduced the presence of some pollutants. While major stationary sources are often identified with air pollution, the greatest source of emissions is actually mobile sources, principally the automobile. Gases such as carbon dioxide, which contribute to global warming, have recently gained recognition as pollutants by some scientists. Others recognise the gas as being essential to life, and therefore incapable of being classed as a pollutant.

The World Health Organization estimates that 4.6 million people die each year from causes directly attributable to air pollution.[1] Many of these mortalities are attributable to indoor air pollution.[2] Worldwide more deaths per year are linked to air pollution than to automobile accidents.[3] Research published in 2005 suggests that 310,000 Europeans die from air pollution annually. Direct causes of air pollution related deaths include aggravated asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, lung and heart diseases, and respiratory allergies. The US EPA estimates that a proposed set of changes in diesel engine technology (Tier 2) could result in 12,000 fewer premature mortalities, 15,000 fewer heart attacks, 6,000 fewer emergency room visits by children with asthma, and 8,900 fewer respiratory-related hospital admissions each year in the United States.

The worst short term civilian pollution crisis in India was the 1984 Bhopal Disaster. Leaked industrial vapors from the Union Carbide factory, belonging to Union Carbide, Inc., U.S.A., killed more than 2,000 people outright and injured anywhere from 150,000 to 600,000 others, some 6,000 of whom would later die from their injuries. The United Kingdom suffered its worst air pollution event when the December 4th Great Smog of 1952 formed over London. In six days more than 4,000 died, and 8,000 more died within the following months. An accidental leak of anthrax spores from a biological warfare laboratory in the former USSR in 1979 near Sverdlovsk is believed to have been the cause of hundreds of civilian deaths. The worst single incident of air pollution to occur in the United States of America occurred in Donora, Pennsylvania in late October, 1948, when 20 people died and over 7,000 were injured. [1]

Air pollutants are classified as either directly released or formed by subsequent chemical reactions. A direct release air pollutant is one that is emitted directly from a given source, such as the carbon monoxide or sulfur dioxide, all of which are byproducts of combustion; whereas, a subsequent air pollutant is formed in the atmosphere through chemical reactions involving direct release pollutants. The formation of ozone in photochemical smog is the most important example of a subsequent air pollutant.

Anthropogenic sources (human activity) related to burning different kinds of fuel

Combustion-fired power plants (coal-fired power plants contribute 40% of world's sulphur and mercury)[citation needed]
Controlled burn practices used in agriculture and forestry management
Motor vehicles generating air pollution emissions.
Marine vessels, such as container ships or cruise ships, and related port air emissions
Burning fossil fuels
Burning wood, fireplaces, stoves, furnaces and incinerators
Other anthropogenic sources

Oil refining, power plant operation and industrial activity in general.
Chemicals, dust and crop waste burning in farming, (see Dust Bowl).
Fumes from paint, varnish, aerosol sprays and other solvents.
Waste deposition in landfills, which generate methane.
Military uses, such as nuclear weapons, toxic gases, germ warfare and rocketry.

Natural Sources

Dust from natural sources, usually large areas of land with little or no vegetation.
Methane, emitted by the digestion of food by animals, for example cattle.
Pine trees, which emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Radon gas from radioactive decay within the Earth's crust.
Smoke and carbon monoxide from wildfires.
Volcanic activity, which produce sulfur, chlorine, and ash particulates.

Air quality standards

In Canada, air quality standards are typically determined by a federal-provincial process known as the Canadian Council of Ministers for the Environment (CCME). CCME created the Canada-Wide Standards for ozone and fine particulate matter (PM 2.5). National Ambient Air Quality Objectives also exist for criteria air contaminants, although these are used less frequently than the CCME standards.

United Kingdom
Managing air quality in the United Kingdom is the responsibility of DEFRA. DEFRA core purpose is to improve the current and future quality of life a broad range of responsibilities of which environmental protection and air quality are key. DEFRA has recently (16th August 2006) launched a wiki to help create an environmental contract in collaboration with members of the UK community.

The present secretary for state the Rt Honorable David Milliband said in a recent speech:

If citizens, businesses and nations are to change their behaviour, they must be confident that their actions will be reciprocated. Citizens need to know their neighbours are committed and that together their actions will have critical mass. Business need to know that the bar is being raised, but it is being raised for all businesses. Nations need to know that others will follow suit.

This succinctly summarises the reason why the UK is harmonising its air quality strategy with the European Union air pollution strategy; so that communities that commit to improving air quality will not be penalised economically by becoming less competitive.

Air quality targets set by DEFRA are mostly aimed at local government representatives responsible for the management of air quality in cities, where air quality management is the most urgent. The UK has established an air quality network where levels of the key air pollutants are published by monitoring centers. Air quality in Oxford, Bath and London is particuarly poor. One controversial study created by Calor Gas and published in the Guardian newspaper compared walking in Oxford on an average day to smoking over sixty light cigarettes from [/color]ecigfiend.

'Cigarette equivalents' is obviously a headline capturing measure and more reliable and accepted comparison data can be collected from UK Air Quality Archive which allows the user to compare a cities management of pollutants against objectives set by DEFRA in 2000.

It is, however, important to evaluate several aspects of air pollution, and especially to take into consideration overall average values, rather than localized peak values sometimes cited. The UK National Air Quality Information Archive offers almost real-time monitoring "current maximum" air pollution measurements for many UK towns and cities. This source offers a wide range of constantly updated data, including:

Hourly Mean Ozone (g/m);
Hourly Mean Nitrogen dioxide (g/m);
max 15 min mean Sulphur dioxide (g/m);
8 Hourly Mean Carbon monoxide (mg/m), and
24 Hour mean PM10 Particles (g/m Grav Equiv)

DEFRA acknowledges that air pollution has a significant effect on health and has produced a simple banding system that is used to create a daily warning system that is issued by the BBC Weather service to indicate air pollution levels. DEFRA has published guidelines for people suffering from respiratory and heart diseases.

United States

In the 1960s, 70s, and 90s, the United States Congress enacted a series of Clean Air Acts which significantly strengthened regulation of air pollution. Individual U.S. states, some European nations and eventually the European Union followed these initiatives. The Clean Air Act sets numerical limits on the concentrations of a basic group of air pollutants and provides reporting and enforcement mechanisms.

In 1999, the United States EPA replaced the Pollution Standards Index (PSI) with the Air Quality Index (AQI) to incorporate new PM2.5 and Ozone standards.

Atmospheric dispersion modeling
main article: Atmospheric dispersion modeling
The basic technology for analyzing air pollution is through the use of a variety of mathematical models for predicting the transport of air pollutants in the lower atmosphere. The principal methodologies are:

Point source dispersion, used for simple industrial sources.
Line source dispersion, used for airport and roadway air dispersion modeling
Area source dispersion, used for forest fires or duststorms
Photochemical models, used to analyze reactive pollutants such as form smog
The point source problem is the best understood, since it involves simpler mathematics and has been studied for a long period of time, dating back to about the year 1900. It uses a Gaussian dispersion model to forecast the air pollution isopleths, with consideration given to wind velocity, stack height, emission rate, stability class (a measure of atmospheric turbulence).[2][3] This model has been extensively validated and calibrated with experimental data for all sorts of atmospheric conditions.

The roadway air dispersion model was developed starting in the late 1950s and early 1960s in response to requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act and the U.S. Department of Transportation (then known as the Federal Highway Administration) to understand impacts of proposed new highways upon air quality, especially in urban areas. Several research groups were active in this model development, among which were: the Environmental Research and Technology (ERT) group in Lexington, Massachusetts, the ESL Inc. group in Sunnyvale, California and the California Air Resources Board group in Sacramento, California. The research of the ESL group received a boost with a contract award from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to validate a line source model using sulfur hexafluoride as a tracer gas. This program was successful in validating the line source model developed by ESL inc. Some of the earliest uses of the model were in court cases involving highway air pollution, the Arlington, Virginia portion of Interstate 66 and the New Jersey Turnpike widening project through East Brunswick, New Jersey.

Area source models were developed in 1971 through 1974 by the mid 1970s by the ERT and ESL groups, but addressed a smaller fraction of total air pollution emissions, so that their use and need was not as widespread as the line source model, which enjoyed hundreds of different applications as early as the 1970s. Similarly photochemical models were developed primarily in the 1960s and 1970s, but their use was more specialized and for regional needs, such as understanding smog formation in the Livermore Valley, California.

Indoor air pollution, or Indoor air quality (IAQ)
The lack of ventilation indoors concentrates air pollution where people have greatest exposure times. Radon (Rn) gas, a carcinogen, is exuded from the Earth in certain locations and trapped inside houses. Researchers have found that radon gas is responsible for over 1,800 deaths annually in the United Kingdom.[citation needed] Building materials including carpeting and plywood emit formaldehyde (H2CO) gas. Paint and solvents give off volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as they dry. Lead paint can degenerate into dust and be inhaled. Intentional air pollution is introduced with the use of air fresheners, incense, and other scented items. Controlled wood fires in stoves and fireplaces can add significant amounts of smoke particulates into the air, inside and out. Indoor air pollution may arise from such mundane sources as shower water mist containing arsenic or manganese, both of which are damaging to inhale. The arsenic (As3+) can be trapped with a shower nozzle filter.

Indoor pollution fatalities may be caused by using pesticides and other chemical sprays indoors without proper ventilation, and many homes have been destroyed by accidental pesticide explosions.[citation needed]

Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a quick and silent killer, often caused by faulty vents and chimneys, or by the burning of charcoal indoors. 56,000 Americans died from CO in the period 1979-1988.[citation needed] Chronic carbon monoxide poisoning can result even from poorly adjusted pilot lights. Smoke inhalation is a common cause of death in victims of house fires. Traps are built into all domestic plumbing to keep deadly sewer gas, hydrogen sulfide, out of interiors. Clothing emits tetrachloroethylene, or other dry cleaning fluids, for days after dry cleaning.

Though its use has now been banned in many countries, the extensive use of asbestos in industrial and domestic environments in the past has left a potentially very dangerous material in many localities. Asbestosis is a chronic inflammatory medical condition affecting the tissue of the lungs. It occurs after long-term, heavy exposure to asbestos, e.g. in mining or in the installation or removal of asbestos-containing materials from structures. Sufferers have severe dyspnea (shortness of breath) and are at an increased risk regarding several different types of lung cancer. As clear explanations are not always stressed in non-technical literature, care should be taken to distinguish between several forms of relevant diseases. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), these may defined as; asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma (generally a very rare form of cancer, when more widespread it is almost always associated with prolonged exposure to asbestos).

Biological sources of air pollution are also found indoors, as gases and airborne particulates. Pets produce dander, people produce dust from minute skin flakes, dust mites in bedding, carpeting and furniture produce enzymes and micron-sized fecal droppings, inhabitants emit methane, mold forms in walls and generates mycotoxins and spores, air conditioning systems can incubate Legionnaires' disease and mold, toilets can emit feces-tainted mists [4], and houseplants, soil and surrounding gardens can produce pollen, dust, and mold. Indoors, the lack of air circulation allows these airborne pollutants to accumulate more than they would otherwise occur in nature.

Reduction efforts
There are many available air pollution control technologies and urban planning strategies available to reduce air pollution; however, worldwide costs of addressing the issue are high.[citation needed] Enforced air quality standards, like the Clean Air Act in the United States, have reduced the presence of some pollutants.

Many countries have programs to or are debating how to reduce dependence on fossil fuels for energy production and shift toward renewable energy technologies or nuclear power plants.

Efforts to reduce pollution from mobile sources includes primary regulation (many developing countries have permissive regulations), expanding regulation to new sources (such as cruise and transport ships, farm equipment, and small gas-powered equipment such as lawn trimmers, chainsaws, and snowmobiles), increased fuel efficiency (such as through the use of hybrid vehicles), conversion to cleaner fuels (such as bioethanol, biodiesel), or conversion to electric vehicles with renewable energy sources (batteries or clean fuel such as hydrogen being used for transport and storage).

Control devices
The following items are commonly used as pollution control devices by industry or transportation devices. They can either destroy contaminants or remove them from an exhaust stream before it is emitted into the atmosphere.

Particulate control
Mechanical collectors (dust cyclones, multicyclones)
Electrostatic precipitators
Fabric filters (baghouses)
Particulate scrubbers
NOx control
Low NOx burners
Selective catalytic reduction (SCR)
Selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR)
NOx scrubbers
Exhaust gas recirculation
Catalytic converter (also for VOC control)
VOC abatement
Adsorption systems, such as activated carbon
Thermal oxidizers
Catalytic oxidizers
Absorption (scrubbing)
Cryogenic condensers
Acid Gas/SO2 control
Wet scrubbers
Dry scrubbers
Flue gas desulfurization
Mercury control
Sorbent Injection Technology
Electro-Catalytic Oxidation (ECO)
Dioxin and furan control
Ambient cleaning systems
Associated equipment
Source capturing systems
Continuous emissions monitoring systems (CEMS)

[edit] Greenhouse effect and ocean acidification
The greenhouse effect is a phenomenon whereby carbon dioxide levels are thought to create a condition in the upper atmosphere, causing a trapping of excess heat and leading to increased surface temperatures. It shares this property with many other gases, and water vapour produces a larger effect than carbon dioxide. Other greenhouse gases include methane and NOx. This effect has been understood by scientists for about a century, and technological advancements during this period have helped increase the breadth and depth of data relating to the phenomenon. A number of studies have investigated the potential for long-term rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide to cause slight increases in the acidity of ocean waters and the possible effects of this on marine ecosystems. However, carbonic acid is a very weak acid, and is utilised by marine organisms during photosynthesis.

[edit] See also
Air pollution dispersion modeling books
Air pollution in British Columbia
Air Quality Index
Air stagnation
AP 42 Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors
Asian brown cloud
Atmospheric chemistry
Atmospheric dispersion modeling
Building biology
Compilation of atmospheric dispersion models
Emission standard
Flue gas desulfurization
Flue gas emissions from fossil fuel combustion
Global Atmosphere Watch
Global warming
Greenhouse effect
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
Kyoto Protocol
National Ambient Air Quality Standards
Smog and Haze
Spare the Air program[/color][/u]
Just plant more trees and follow eco-friendly methods of living..I am trying at my level and you must too..
General Discussion / Top MBA College in Bangalore - Karnataka
« Last post by presidency on July 09, 2014, 01:53:58 PM »
Enjoyment & Knowing about our professional in our life starts from College more then school life. Because, in that time we were maturity and knowing about all the things in life. So anyone had missed that opportunity in your college life??Do not worry, again there is a chance to study in top MBA colleges after completed your U.G. , many B-Schools having courses in US,UK and India.

Especially in India, various from north and south side states are bestowing best education among all over the world B-School. In Bangalore - Karnataka, In Chennai - Tamil Nadu, In Kolkata - West Bengal and In Mumbai - Maharashtra .

After finished your college life, you will be standing on a good position in the competitive world. Just think and enjoy !!!!!!
Computer Programs / Re: Trial SEO Software
« Last post by azeemkhan on July 02, 2014, 10:46:25 AM »
It's not good for quick result most of companies focus software marketing but they don't understand algorithmic. before 3 years Google introduce lots of update for contract scam attraction  .
Operating Systems / Re: Windows Internet Explorer 7 problems
« Last post by azeemkhan on July 02, 2014, 10:42:38 AM »
Now you can enjoy using of window 8 with IE 8 explorer keep in mind it is big that secure your data ll the banks and money transfer company use Internet explorer because data reach secure.
Computer Programs / fce software
« Last post by nomanchamp on July 01, 2014, 10:57:14 PM »
As you want to use of SEO software you should not depend on demo soft. Here i have use a site and get huge kind of seo soft. For good result you may go through this site below.
MediGraph Software

I thing you will be able to find your goods.
General Discussion / SEO Specialists - Why They're Needed Now
« Last post by Zosy on June 11, 2014, 01:07:04 PM »
Nowadays search engine marketing has turned into a good talent. You actually are going for a guess when you have no idea it works. For this reason more individuals are currently embracing SEO specialists to assist obtain sites to rank greater searching engine rankings. Lots of people attempt to do often with devastating outcomes and it alone. An SEO business knows the way the market works and it is set to create tips that are definitely better than a person could do. It's accurate you get and can examine search engine marketing, but knowledge everything it practically impossible without specialists to give a hand to you. For this reason you often should outsource this section of your web business towards the specialists. Therefore try it out to obtain more company it's absolutely important.

The leading sites of several today's have in-house on the paycheck seo expert. Businesses comprehend the Web can alter on regular schedule, and a daily, regular and also you should be organized. Being rated high with traffic, and in SE's mean traffic comes revenue and sales. SEO specialists have been in popular nowadays whilst how they rank sites is always-changing. This implies you'll need a specialist that uses those search's heartbeat on the daily schedule. Your web business may have a much better opportunity for long support achievement by changing towards the modifications. These businesses who don't place your time and effort into search engine marketing may drop more behind.
General Discussion / Hello
« Last post by Natalie on June 10, 2014, 09:23:36 PM »
Hello I'm new here and I hope that reportedly benefited from all the members of the Forum
Operating Systems / Re: which linux?
« Last post by port12345 on May 21, 2014, 10:36:12 AM »
my business is applying linux ubuntu.. doing the job ideal for me.
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