Author Topic: Engineering Geology and Seismology  (Read 2986 times)

engineer

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Engineering Geology and Seismology
« on: February 11, 2010, 10:30:41 AM »
Introduction to Engineering Geology

Introduction to Engineering Seismology

Identification of minerals
1.Streak
2.Color
3.Hardness: Moh's scale of hardness
4.Cleavage
5.Fracture
6.Luster
7.Color
Geology used in Civil Engineering
■Stability of rock and soil: Land slides
■Geological investigation in engineering construction: Tunnels, dams and bridges
■Engineering Seismology
 
Importance of seismology in civil engineering practice
1.Continental drift, plate tectonic and elastic rebound theory
2.Types of Seismic waves
3.Earthquakes: Causes and effects
Intensity and magnitude scale
4.Engineering Seismology
5.Earthquake observation: Seismograph and accelerograph
6.Characteristics of strong motion: amplitude, duration and frequency
7.Seismic hazard
8.Local site effects
9.Seismic risk: Vulnerability, exposure and hazard
 
What is engineering geology?
Seismology is study of the generation, propagation and recording of the elastic waves and the source that produce them.

Engineering geology is the application of geological data, techniques and principles to the study of rock and soil surfacing materials, and ground water. This is essential for the proper location, planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering structures.

 

Recommended Books
Earthquakes by Bruce A. Bolt

Geology: General and Engineering by K.M. Bangar

Engineer Forum

Engineering Geology and Seismology
« on: February 11, 2010, 10:30:41 AM »

engineer

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Re: Engineering Geology and Seismology
« Reply #1 on: February 11, 2010, 10:30:56 AM »
Importance of engg geology in Civil Engineering practice
 

What does Engineering Geology study?
Rock, soil, water and the interaction among these constituents, as well as with engineering materials and structures.

 

Why to study Engineering geology?
Serve civil engineering to provide information in 3 most important areas:
1.Resources for construction; aggregates, fills and borrows.
2.Finding stable foundations
3.Mitigation of geological hazards; Identify proplems, evaluate the costs, provide information to mitigate the problem